Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious,Most Merciful.
Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Ta'ala Wabarakatuh.
We are all living in the Akhirul Zaman, what is known as the Last Ages before the coming of the Last Day @ Doomsday.
As Muslims, I am sure that we treasure our faith in Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala and all that our Blessed Prophet Muhammad ibni Abdullah Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam has left us?
Among the most important things that we as Muslims ought to have within ourselves is the bedrock of faith and belief in Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala.
This faith and belief in Islam is known as Aqeedah.
The basic forms of faith or Aqeedah are described below:
- The Islamic ‘Aqeedah (creed) in its clarity and purity, is the most important issue in Islam.
- In the pillars of the Islamic ‘Aqeedah, it is not enough to have *zann (speculation) or least amount of zann, rather they must be *qata’i (definite and decisive). It is not allowed to have *taqleed (imitation) in it; otherwise the Muslims will end up taking superstition and follow those who practice deception.
*Qata’i is being firm, definite and decisive in coming to a conclusion about anyone or anything?
*Taqleed is the act of coming to a decision of ruling over something based upon the similarities of any prior events, rulings or decisions taken by the rulers, authorities or scholars of before when judging someone or some case which is not covered specifically in the Holy Qur'an, Sunnah or the Hadiths of Rasulullah SAW.
In the thoughts relating to the ‘Aqeedah (peripheral branches to the pillars of faith in Islam) it is sufficient to have the least amount of zann, and taqleed is allowed in this matter, the same as it is in the Shari’ee rules.
The Shari’ee rules are taken from their Shari’ee evidences only and they are:
- the Holy Al Qur’an, the Last and Complete Testament of Allah the Almighty;
- the Sunnah @ the Examples set by the Final and Greatest Messenger of Allah;
- the Ijmaa’ (consensus) of the Sahabah @ Blessed Companions of Muhammad SAW and
- Qiyas (analogical deduction) based on a Shari’ee ‘Ilaah (divine reason) which has come in a Shari’ee text.
The Muqallid (follower) is obliged to make sure he has understood the statement of the mujtahid he follows properly.
When the obligations become numerous and difficult for the Muslim such that he or she is unable to undertake them all, he or she is required to give preference to the greatest obligation (according to the Shari’ee evidences and not according to one's own whims or personal discretions).
When the Muslims are in their natural situation, i.e. where the Islamic Khilafah exists, carrying out of the Islamic Dakwah internally would be represented in enjoining the Makruf and forbidding the Munkar and inviting the non-Muslims who live inside the Islamic state to embrace Islam.
Carrying out the dakwah efforts externally would be represented in inviting the non-Muslims, with proof and decisive evidence, to embrace Islam; and this will be done through Jihad when the Khalifah deems it appropriate.
By Jihad here, I mean striving through whatever means is at the disposal of the Caliphate to carry out Dakwah efforts, through proactive mediums such as the print media, broadcast media and online activities via blogs such as mine or websites dedicated to Dakwah al Islam.
Some examples are available here : http://www.islamicsites.com
When the Muslims are in an unnatural situation, i.e. where the Khilafah does not exist such as in the present world, carrying out the Islamic Dakwah would be focused internally on the work to establish this Khilafah.
Photo Credit : MuhtarSuhaili.Wordpress.com.
As for enjoining the Makruf and forbidding the Munkar, which is a work of reform, and Dakwah to Non-Muslims to come to understand and eventually embrace Islam, this will continue but to a lesser degree.
This is because when there is no Islamic state in the Muslim lands implementing the Islamic Shari’ah, then the lands become Dar al Kufr.
In such a case acts leading to the Munkar become the norm, so the reformatory partial actions such as individual acts of Dakwah become insufficient or ineffective.
The obligation upon the Muslim Ummah then becomes wajib to replace the Ways of the Kuffar and to establish them with the Shari'ah of Islam.
As for carrying out Islamic Dakwah outside the Muslim lands when the Islamic Khilafah does not exist, it is represented by Dakwah to Non -Muslims to learn about and enter into Islam.
This manifests in rebutting the non-Islamic thoughts to demonstrate their fallacy, and mobilizing the efforts of the Muslims living outside the Islamic lands to assist in the establishment of the Islamic Khilafah in the Islamic lands.
Addressing the subject of ‘Dakwah to Islam’ is supposed to deal with the basic rules relating to this Dakwah, such as are the following:
- The fact that the work to establish the Khilafah today is Fardhu ‘Ain (an individual Muslim's obligation), undertaken by expending the utmost energy and with the greatest of speed and efforts.
- When the Muslims are in their natural situation, i.e. where the Islamic Khilafah exists, carrying out of the Islamic Dakwah efforts internally would be represented in enjoining the Ma’roof and forbidding the Munkar and inviting the non-Muslims who live inside the Islamic state to embrace Islam.
Carrying out the dakwah efforts externally would be represented in inviting the non-Muslims, with proof and decisive evidence, to embrace Islam; and this can be done through our own efforts according to our means and capabilities.
Being here in Kuala Lumpur, I am far away from my fellow Da'ee's such as Brother Haji Yassin, Brother Haji Kamarudin Abdullah, Brother Ali and many other brothers who joined me in our Dakwah walkabouts all over Penang Island, I feel a bit lonely and long for the days of old with my dear friends whom I miss terribly. :(
We used to walk from the Masjid Kapitan Keling to the Backpackers Haven along Chulia Street, Penang Road, Esplanade, Green Hall and other areas.
We even drove to the beaches at Batu Ferringhi and Telok Bahang to reach out to the people we would find there camping, etc.
My car would be loaded with Islamic Information brochures from Dakwah organizations such as ABIM, YADIM, PERKIM, and other Islamic NGO's.
Dakwah efforts are carried out with a purpose. The purpose is towards calling people to Islam and also to attain the objective of setting up the Khilafah. The Islamic State in the real sense.
When the Muslims are in an unnatural situation, i.e. where the Khilafah does not exist, carrying the Islamic dakwah would be focused internally on the work to establish this Khilafah.
Indeed, any movement or effort by anyone or any group or alliance that carries out ‘Dakwah to Islam’ are supposed to deal with the basic rules relating to Dakwah, such as :
- The fact remains that the work to establish the Khilafah today is Fardhu ‘Ain (an individual obligation), undertaken by Muslims expending their utmost energy and commitment to do their part for Islamic Dakwah.
- The fact that this work must be carried out in a group and is not enough to undertake it individually.
- It is also a fact that this group must have an Ameer (leader) who is obeyed along with a clarification of the limits of his Shari’ee powers.
- It is also a fact that this group must include men and women, because carrying out the dakwah efforts is obligatory on both sexes.
- The fact remains that the unifying bond in such groups are their Islamic ‘Aqeedah and thoughts.
- The Dakwah group is obliged to adopt from the Islamic thoughts, rules and opinions everything it needs to undertake its task, and to make allegiance to the thoughts and not to personalities.
- The Dakwah group must be also be attached to Islamic political parties , because its work is connected to political issues, which is towards attaining federal government power to establish the Islamic Khilafah.
- The fact also remains that the work of this Dakwah group is also intellectual; and does not advocate the use of violence. This is because it is a work to take administrative power via the Ummah, after generating public opinion based on their general awareness.
- The prohibition in Islam is for this Dakwah group to share power with those in the current Kufr regimes.
- The prohibition is also there in Islam for this group to be dependent on any of the current Kufr systems. Receiving financial assistance or other aid from such systems is a type of dependence.
This keeps the Dakwah activists in the sphere of Imaan. At the same time this gives them incentives and keeps the Da'ee's under control. Da'ee's need to remain patient in their efforts.
There are certain distinctions between the styles and methods of carrying out Dakwah. The Tareeqah (method) is the Shari’ah (rules), which are kept constant until the advent of The Day of Judgment.
As for the uslub (styles), they are mubah (permitted) actions selected by the Dakwah activist, which suits the circumstances and situations.
Knowledge of the political reality is necessary for Da'ee's just like knowledge of the Shari’ah.
That is because the application of the Shari’ah requires knowledge of the Hukum Shari’ee and of its deliverance (the reality for which the rule has come).
Da'ee's who know the Shariah’ rules but are ignorant of the reasons of its deliverance, will then be unable to implement and apply these rules in the course of their work.
If they try to apply it, they would be making a mistake because they would be applying it to other than its reality. Da'ee's need to keep learning and study from dedicated murshids @ teachers. A Da'ee or Da'eeyah never stops learning till their last breath on this Earth, Insya Allah.
The ones who are working to replace the Kufr system and take over administrative power must have sufficient comprehension of the political reality, not only locally but also regionally and internationally.
Da'ee's need to read a lot and keep abreast with all that is taking place all around them.
The work to take authority and establish the Khilafah cannot be attained just through the influence wielded by people of power and those who hold the authority alone, as some would think.
Rather, the Dakwah efforts must be conveyed first amongst the people. They are our target group.
Once the Dakwah efforts has passed through the cultural stage to the interaction stage and succeeded in interaction with the Ummah, and public opinion emanating from the general awareness is generated in the Ummah, the Kutlah (party) then starts to seek the Nusrah from the people of power and those who hold authority.
The Shari’ee allows more than one kutlah, group or party to work in carrying out Dakwah.
The condition is that they are established on the basis of Islam in terms of the ‘Aqeedah and Shari’ah.
In the event that more than one Islamic group exists, they are obliged to adhere to the Shari’ee rules that explains about the Adaab al-Ikhtilaaf (the etiquette of disagreement).
It is not allowed for a Muslim to accuse another Muslim of Kufr or transgression simply because he disagreed with him regarding an opinion, as long as this disagreement was within the confines of legitimate Ijtihad.
Any opinion that has Shari’ee evidence, be it strong or weak, or if it has Shubhat ad-Daleel (a semblance of an evidence) is a legitimate opinion.
It is not allowed to discredit the opinion or the one who espouses it.
Rather what should be said in the event of an evidence being weak or even having a semblance of an evidence is that your opinion is mistaken or weak and the discussion with him should be done in the best possible manner with proof and evidence.
As for when the opinion has no Shari’ee evidence, or a semblance of an evidence, then it will be an unIslamic opinion (i.e. an opinion of Kufr).
There is no option other then than to attack this opinion and warn the one who espouses it of carrying a Kufr opinion (though the one who carries a Kufr opinion is not always a Kaafir).
The Rulers who sideline the Islamic Sharee’ah and legislate other laws (such as Laws drawn up by Non Muslims) without being forced by anybody to do this are mostly falling under the classification of being a Kuffar, even if they @ the Rulers fasted, prayed and performed Hajj and claim to be Muslims.
That is because they preferred the laws of Kufr to the law of Islam.
However, if they believe the Sharee’ah of Islam is the best law and they suspended it temporarily due to their own whim, they are considered as transgressors and not disbelievers in this respect.
That is why it is not allowed for the Dakwah activists or for any Muslim to declare his or her approval of them or support them or even to remain silent about them, acting upon the noble Hadiths;
“Whosoever sees a Munkar let him change it with his hand. If he is not able to do that then let him change it with his tongue, and if he is not able to do that then let him hate it with his heart. And that is the weakest of Iman.”
Rasulullah An Nabiyyil Mustafa, Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam
Discussing the subject of Dakwah to Islam is supposed to draw attention to the fact that emulating the Sunnah of the Blessed Rasulullah SAW in Dakwah to Islam obliges that the following issues are observed:
- The Messenger Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam used to invite the Kuffar to enter Islam. Yet today we are mostly calling the Muslims to adhere to Islam.
and skip the homes of the Kuffar and they usually knock on the doors of homes which they identify as their fellow Muslims.
If only they would approach all Mankind, Insya Allah, there will be more Mukmins today.
The Messenger Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam used to carry out Dakwah to Kuffars when the Shar’ee rules had not yet been completely revealed.
Today, we have all these unnecessary Islamic Affairs Department rules before us.
It means that there were rules that the Messenger Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam did not act upon in Makkah al Mukkarramah, because they had not been yet revealed, but we are obliged to act upon them.
There are certain rules that he used to act upon, but which were later abrogated, so these rules are not required to be practiced by us today.
For example, fighting was not lawful in Makkah but now it is lawful (the defensive fighting is fard today, even if there is no Islamic State, because it is not entrusted with the Khaleefah only).
Carrying the dakwah in Makkah was obligatory on the Messenger Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam only, as for the Sahabah (R.A.) it was mandoob (recommended) only, for they had only pledged to him the Bay’atun un Nisaa (the Pledge of Women).
That situation continued until the Aaws and the Kazraaj tribes gave the second pledge of Al-’Aqaba.
Since that time, carrying out of the dakwah efforts became obligatory on the Muslims and not just on the Messenger Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam.
As for what has been abrogated, it is like the Hijrah (migration) from Makkah to Madinah, which was obligatory. After the conquest of Makkah it ceased to be obligatory.
Accordingly, the classification of actions into actions of the Makkan stage and actions of the Madinan stage, indicate the actions entrusted with the individuals and the actions entrusted with the ruler (the Khaleefah) respectively.
There are certain actions that are specific to the ruler; neither the individuals nor the groups undertake actions such as executing the Hudud (penal code), initiating the war for conquest or concluding ceasefire treaties.
There are certain actions that the individuals undertake, whether in Dar ul-Islam or in Dar al-Kufr such as:
- ‘Ibadat (worships),
- Akhlak (morals),
- Mat’umaat (foodstuffs),
- Malboosaat (clothing) and
- Mu’amalaat (transactions).
Location: Masjid Jamek Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
I will discuss about this further in my future articles. Till then, here’s wishing every Muslim reading this all the best in your study of our Faith and pursuit of the Oceans of Knowledge that are to be yet discovered by us in our Journey through Life as Muslims worth our Aqeedah in Islam and Yakin in Allah Rabbul Jalil.
Wabillahi Taufik Wal Hidayah.
Wassalamualaikum Warahmatulillahi Ta'ala Wabarakatuh.