Part of the Do'a Iftitah

"Verily my solats, my ibadah, my life and my death I surrender to Almighty Allah, Creator and Lord of all the worlds. Never will I associate anything with Him. So am I commanded and I am of those who are Muslims."

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Monday, September 01, 2008

'Ramadan defined and it’s Virtues' from the Taiyibbun Institute (UK)
























All Praises be to Allah, Lord, Cherisher and Sustainer of all the worlds.

Ramadan is one of the twelve Arabic months. It is a month which is venerated in the Islamic
religion, and it is distinguished from the other months by a number of characteristics and virtues,including the following:

1 – Allah has made fasting this month the fourth pillar of Islam, as He says (interpretation of
the meaning):

“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawm (fasts) that month…”[al-Baqarah 2:185] and it was narrated in al-Sahih al-Bukhaari, 8; Muslim, 16) from the hadith of Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet Sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“Islam is built on five (pillars): the testimony that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; establishing prayer; paying zakat; fasting Ramadan; and Hajj to the House (the Ka’abah).”

2 – Allah revealed the Qur’an in this month, as He says in the verse quoted above
(interpretation of the meaning):

The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong)…”[al-Baqarah 2:185]

And Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree).”[al-Qadr 97:1]

3 – Allah has made Laylat al-Qadr in this month, which is better than a thousand months, as
Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree). And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?

The Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allaah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months).

Therein descend the angels and the Ruuh [Jibreel (Gabriel)] by Allah Permission with all Decrees, (All that night), there is peace (and goodness from Allah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn” [al-Qadar 97:1-5]

“We sent it (this Qur’an) down on a blessed night [(i.e. the Night of Al-Qadr) in the month of Ramadan — the 9th month of the Islamic calendar]. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship]” [al-Dukhaan 44:3]

Allah has blessed Ramadan with Laylat al-Qadr. Explaining the great status of this blessed
night, Surah al-Qadr was revealed, and there are many hadiths which also speak of that, such
as the hadith of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

The Messenger of Allah sallalahu `alayhi wa sallam said: “There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month which Allah has enjoined you to fast, during which the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the rebellious devils are chained up.

In it there is a night which is better than a thousand months, and whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.” (al-Nasaa’i, 2106; Ahmad, 8769. classed as sahih by al-Albaani in Sahih al-Targheeb, 999.)

And Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah sallalahu
`alayhi wa sallam said:

“Whoever spends Laylat al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, will be forgiven his previous sins.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1910; Muslim, 760.

4 – Allah has made fasting Ramadan and spending its nights in prayer out of faith and in the
hope of reward a means of forgiveness of sins, as was proven in al-Sahihaal-Bukhaari, 2014;
Muslim, 760) from the hadith of Abu Hurayrah according to which the Prophet sallAllaahu
`alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever fasts Ramadan out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

And al-Bukhari (2008) and Muslim (174) also narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever spends the nights of Ramadan in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

The Muslims unanimously agreed that it is Sunnah to pray qiyaam at night in Ramadan. Al-
Nawawi said that what is meant by praying qiyaam in Ramadan is to pray Tarawih, i.e., one
achieves what is meant by qiyaam by praying Tarawih.

5 – In this month, Allah opens the gates of Paradise and closes the gates of Hell, and chains up
the devils, as is stated in al-Saheeh al-Bukhaari, 1898; Muslim, 1079), from the hadith of Abu
Hurayrah who said that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“When Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained up.”

6 – Every night Allah has people whom He redeems from the Fire. Imam Ahmad (5/256) narrated from the hadith of Abu Umaamah that the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“At every breaking of the fast, Allah has people whom He redeems.” Al-Mundhiri said: there is nothing wrong with its isnaad; and it was classed as sahih by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 987.

Al-Bazzaar (Kashf 962) narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: The Messenger of Allaah sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said: “Allah has people whom He redeems every day and night – i.e., in Ramadan –and every Muslim every day and night has a prayer that is answered.”

7 – Fasting Ramadan is a means of expiation for the sins committed since the previous
Ramadan, so long as one avoids major sins.

It was proven in Sahih Muslim (233) that the Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“The five daily prayers, from one Jumu’ah to the next and from one Ramadan to the next are expiation for (sins committed) in between, so long as you avoid major sins.”

8 – Fasting in Ramadan is equivalent to fasting ten months, as is indicated by the hadith in
Sahih Muslim (1164) narrated from Abu Ayyoob al-Ansaari:

“Whoever fasts Ramadaan then follows it with six days of Shawal, it will be like fasting for a lifetime.” Ahmad (21906)

To download the entire Ramadan Course, please visit :
http://www.islamictube.net/Ramadhaan%20Course%20pack.pdf
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