After Solat, it is a Sunnah @ Tradition of the Prophet Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam to offer Dhikr @ Remembrance of Allah by glorifying His Holy Attributes and seek Forgiveness from Almighty Allah.
There is a Short Wirid @ Dhikr and a longer version. To those who are new to Islam, I suggest you start with the short version. This wirid is suitable for those who are at work and don't have much time to spare. It takes just about 5 to 10 minutes and you don't have to say it out loud. Just say your prayers in your heart or in a low tone as not to draw unnecessary attention towards you. Allah SWT knows what's in your heart and mind even if you make the silent dhikr.
It is the soul that recites this wirid and it goes straight to our Lord and Creator. No postman required. Some tariqah's emphasise on using the Syaikh as an intermediary but in Islam there's no need for such a 'postman'. Allah knows what's in our hearts and minds and He is All Knowing, All Hearing.
Unless one is a new revert to Islam or a born Muslim just learning about Islamic practices, one can just offer his or her prayers, dhikr and do'a with a full conviction that Almighty God is listening to our invocations to Him without the need for any intercession from anyone else.
Learn about Fardhu 'Ain from your ustaz @ male religious teacher or 'ustazah @ female religious teacher. You can also learn from various other sources now available through the multimedia but when possible, seek knowledge from a religious teacher in person.
Okay, let's start with the Short Wirid @ Short Dhikr.We need to say our prayers with a calm manner full of repentance and understand exactly the meaning of each utterance.
We start by uttering 'Astaghfirullah' @ 'Uss tugh fee rool larhh' which means ' I seek Allah's Forgiveness'.
We can say it three times, five times, seven times or nine times. This is following the example shown by Rasulullah SAW. Some Tariqah's have the mureeds recite the 'repentance' a 100 times.This repentance is also to supplement whatever inadequacies we have in our solat. Sometimes we might have been distracted from concentrating our focus and attention towards Allah in our solat thus this repentance might Insya Allah be accepted by God to make up for our slip ups in our prayers.
Once you have completed that 'Astaghfirullah' dhikr , you can then adjust from sitting in the Tahiyyat Akhir position to a more comfortable seating position and recite the following :
'Laa ilaa ha ill lall laahu wahh daa hu laa syaa ri kaa lahh, Laa hul mulku waa laa huul hamdu yuhh yii waa yuu miitu waa huu waa alaa kulli syai in qaa diir'
- LAA EE LAA HARR ILL LULL LARHH
- WARHH DARR HOO LARR SHARR REE KARR LAARHH
- LAA HOOL MOOLKOO WARR LARR HOOL HUMMDOO
- YOOH YEE WARR YOO MEETOO
- WARR HOO WARR ARR LAA KOOL LEE SHAYY INN QAA DEERR
No other God is worshipped except Allah, Only True God, None is there as a Partner to Him. To Him belongs all Authority and Praise, Who gives Life and takes it away. He is Most Powerful over all things.
The Greatest Messenger Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam explained: 'The most significant of all the many prayers and utterances that I have done following the prayers and utterances of all the earlier Prophets, is this prayer above. In another Hadith, the Messenger explained : 'Whoever recites the above prayer 10 times, the blessings he or she gets is as the rewards one gets from giving freedom to 4 slaves from the lineage of the Prophet Ismail Alaihis salam.' In another explanation, it is said that by reciting the above prayer 10 times after the Maghrib @ Sunset Solat and the Fajr/Subuh @ Pre Dawn Solat, before altering the sitting position from the Final Tahiyyat, Allah the Almighty will reward us with 10 blessings and remove from our records 10 sins and protect us from the temptings of Syaitan throughout that entire day.
If you are the Imam leading the congregational prayer, then it is usual for the Imam to turn and face the congregation by turning to your right and the Qiblah is to your left shoulder.
You are then enjoined to recite : 'Allah humma Ajirnaa Minan Narr' 7 times
which means " O Allah! Release us from Hellfire!"
Whoever recites that prayer at any given time , then Hellfire would then invoke Allah to release the person from it's flames.
All this explanations is part and parcel from the Hidden Knowledge of Islam passed on by the Sufi Masters to those who have complete Faith in Allah and the Prophet Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam. This involves a firm belief in the unseen world and in understanding one's religion of Islam. The uninformed and ignorant ones would mock and ridicule the Believers for knowledge such as above. There would be those who would question the explanation that Hellfire speaks and invokes Almighty Allah to release those who recite the above prayer from its flames, etcetera. This is a known fact that those who have yet to experience Death would not know what lies after one's soul is taken away from one's mortal body. Such knowledge is part and parcel of the spiritual world. We are all living beings who have our living soul encased in our mortal confines of this vassal we call our body. To dwell on this reality would best be explained in another article. Insya Allah, God Willing, I might do just that in the future. As for now, it's back to the topic.
- ALLAA HUMMA ANTASS SALAAM -
- WA MIN KASS SALAAM.
- WA ILAYKA YA 'UUDUS SALAAM-
- FAHAYY YIINAA RABB BANAA BISS SALAAM-
- WA ADKHILL NALL JANN NAA TAA DAA RASS SALAAM
- TA BAA RAKK TAA RABB BANAA
- WA TA 'AALAITA YAA DZAL JAA LAA LII WAALL IKRAAM
'O Allah, You are the Saviour and from You comes Safety and to You returns Safety. May You give life to us in Safety, enter us into Your Paradise, the Land of Safety. From You is the source of Blessings and You are Most High, Most Majestic and Most Beneficient'.
The utterances above is a Do'a @ a Prayer. Ask for safety and blessings from Allah by invoking Him with one of His Asma'ul Husna @ His Most Beautiful Names that is As-Salaam.
In the Qur'an, God explains 'Verily for Allah are the Most Beautiful Names @ Asma'ul Husna. Seek His Blessings by invoking Him with any of the Most Beautiful Names in your prayers.
Tarmizi and Nasa'i related as such :
'The Prophet SAW often recited such prayers after completing his Solat'.
We then recite the Surah Al Fatihah.
- ALHAMDU LILLAH HI RABBIL ALAMIN
- MALIKI YAU MIDDIN
- 'IYYA KANAK' BUDU WA 'IYYA KANAS TA'IN
- 'IHDINAS SIRAATAL MUSTAQIM
- SIRAATAL LADZI NA 'AN 'AM TA 'ALAIHIM
- GHAIRIL MAGH'DHUBI 'ALAIHIM
- WA LADH DHAA LIIN
- In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate,Most Merciful
- All Praises be to Allah, Lord of all the Worlds
- Most Compassionate Most Merciful
- Master on the Day of Judgement
- Only You we worship
- Only to You we seek help
- Show us the straight path (to salvation)
- The straight path You showed to others before us
- Not the path of those whom You accursed
- Or the path of those who went astray
- Grant us this O Lord
An authentic Hadith related by Tarmizi from Abu Hurairah.
Rasulullah Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam said ' Would you be happy if I taught you a Surah that has not been revealed before whether in the Injeel or the Zabur and Torah, that is the Surah Al Fatihah?'
Hadith related by Muslim from Ibnu Abbas radhiallahu anhu:
Rasullullah Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam has said ' Verily, for each letter that is being recited by those who read the Surah Al Fatihah there is for them an ample reward for this Surah is both a praise of Allah SWT and a prayer for the benefit of the Muslim.
In the Hadith Qudsi, Allah SWT proclaims ' I divide this Surah in two parts. One part is for Myself where I acknowledge their praises and the other part is for My servants where I grant them their wishes'.
The Surah Al-Fatihah is also known as the 'Ummul 'Qur'an'. The Mother of all the Surah's of the Al-Qur'an Al Kareem.
To be continued, Insya Allah.