Part of the Do'a Iftitah

"Verily my solats, my ibadah, my life and my death I surrender to Almighty Allah, Creator and Lord of all the worlds. Never will I associate anything with Him. So am I commanded and I am of those who are Muslims."

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Saturday, June 16, 2007

Islam Today - Dealing with Kufur, Nifaq, Fasiq & Bida'ah Pt 2

Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Ya Mukminina Wal Mukminat, Wal Muslimin na Wal Muslimat. Al Ahya iminhum wal 'Amwat. May the Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you. My sincere wishes that the Guidance and Mercy of Allah be upon the rest. Ameen.

I now move on to the subject of Nifaq.

Nifaq is the act of hypocrisy in one's inner creed and concealing of the person's dislike of submitting to Allah but because of wanting to present to the people that he or she is still a Muslim, the one who has nifaq in his or her heart puts on a show or pretext of being a Believer when in essence he or she is not.

There are two types of the condition of nifaq. First is nifaq nazhari which constitutes an inner belief or self deduced ideals that run contrary to what the Aqeedah of a Muslim entails.

The second is nifaq amali which is having the characteristics of a munafiq towards Allah and the Muslims by showing allegiance to the Kuffars, preferring their company, supporting their causes, breaking promises, constantly lying, being treacherous and committing breach of trust.

There are many amongst us whom we can figure out to be as those who have nifaq in their selfs and we can do so by assessing their actions, words and train of thoughts or expressions. I leave it to you to watch out for them and to know with whom you keep company or befriend.

The Holy Messenger of Allah advised us to choose our companions well for being with the wrong company will only lead us to harmful consequences.

The parable of befriending the perfume seller and avoiding the blacksmith comes to mind. Know the person or persons whom you take to be your friends or advisers. The wrong company will definitely lead you astray. Na'uzubillah! May Allah forbid.


Let us now move on to the matter of Fasiq.

A fasiq is someone who despite claiming to be a Muslim does not refrain from committing all kinds of sins and indulges in the acts which are more akin to that of a Kaffir.

Such persons commit all kinds of fahishah and mungkar like gambling, drinking alcohol, smoking or consuming harmful narcotic drugs.

A fasiq is also someone who doesn't perform the five daily prayers and all other tenets of the faith of Islam.

Such a person claiming to be a Muslim but do none of what a Muslim true to his or her responsibilities and obligations towards Allah, the Prophet, his or her own self, family and ummah is clearly a fasiq and will be judged by Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala as such.

The last subject that I will write about in this post is about the matter of Bida'ah.

Bida'ah is anything that is new or introduced after the completion of the revelations from Allah the Almighty through the Final Messenger in matters concerning the practice and tenets of Islam.

Bida'ah is divided into two aspects. Bida'ah in conviction and bida'ah in actions.

What do I mean by bida'ah in convictions?

Well, it is anything that is introduced into the faith of Islam that runs contrary or diverts from whatever that the Last Messenger of Allah, Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam has left us his Ummah as per his Sunnah and his Hadiths @ Sayings.

I have learned that certain acts that complement or promote the strengthening of faith in a Muslim is welcomed by the scholars of Islam and termed as 'Bida'ah Hasanah' which means 'good innovations or introductions'.

From my point of view, I see no harm in them. The only thing that one has to watch out for is the tendency to make such acts part and parcel of the faith and start making it as a fundamental part of Islam. Such adding ons will only add extra burden to the faith.

Islam is already perfectly and completely revealed by Allah, Almighty God and He has done so through His Final Messenger to us a thousand four hundred years ago.

The changing of times and situations would naturally see a change in people's habits and lifestyles but that does not warrant any acts of introducing or adding on to what is already perfect and for all time as Islam is for all eternity. This is what I as a Muslim think.

Those who aren't Muslims or amongst those who have the abovementioned traits in themselves don't qualify to question why Islam forbids change and prohibits all forms of harmful bida'ah.

Harmful bida'ah is termed 'Bida'ah Lawwamah'. 'Bida'ah Lawwamah' is anything that goes against the basics of the principles and tenets of Islam and when practiced leads to shirk and khurafat which is haram @ forbidden.

I have this to say to the Muslims reading this. You who value your Aqeedah have to wake up to all the realities facing us today and why we need to speak up for our faith.

True Muslims have nothing to be ashamed about. We believe in Allah, Our Creator and Sustainer, Cherisher and Master of the entire universes.

Share with those who have the faculty of reason and rational thought about Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and our Deen.

Those who choose otherwise can just do as they please here on Earth and face the consequences of their actions both here in the land if the land is ruled according to Allah's Supreme Constitution or be a Kaffir all they want for it is their own choice.

The same thing can't be said for Muslims for we are bound to our covenant with Allah failing which we must face the laws that He has sent down to us through the Holy Messenger and His Final Testament to us all.

My advise to those who wish to become Muslims to take note of all the rewards and birthrights of being one who submits and surrenders to our Creator and also to realize the consequences of running afoul to what Allah the Almighty has decreed for us.

We aren't created by Allah in vain. We have a role to play and are held responsible for our deeds. Those who do good will be rewarded as well both here on Earth and in the Hereafter.

Those who choose to be those who are described as having the traits as stated above will be held responsible for their actions both here and in the next life.

May Allah the Almighty guide us all. Ameen.


Isha' said...

"A fasiq is also someone who doesn't perform the five daily prayers and all other tenets of the faith of Islam."

Is there any Hadith that defines this word- fasiq? Also, I would like to know which Hadith explicitly states that those who do not pray are akin to Kafirs?

mahaguru58 said...

Assalamualaikum Brother Manas,

Do remember to wish your fellow Muslims with the Salaam. Insya Allah.

As for your query about a fasiq, here's the Ayat in the Qur'an Al Kareem about those who do not pray yet are Muslims in name only.
[Maryam 19:59] And after them came the unworthy successors who squandered prayer and pursued their own desires, so they will soon encounter the forest of Gai in hell.
A simple search on Google will bring forth to you all that is online about the term fasiq.

Here's the link for you to go study about it :

Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam
by Imâm an-Nawawî (d. 676 AH / 1299 CE)

عن أبي عـبد الرحمن عبد الله بن عـمر بـن الخطاب رضي الله عـنهما ، قـال : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسـلم يقـول :( بـني الإسـلام على خـمـس : شـهـادة أن لا إلـه إلا الله وأن محمد رسول الله ، وإقامة الصلاة ، وإيـتـاء الـزكـاة ، وحـج البيت ، وصـوم رمضان ) رواه البخاري [ رقم : 8 ] ومسلم [ رقم : 16 ]

On the authority of Aboo `Abd ir-Rahmaan `Abdullaah, the son of `Umar ibn al-Khattab radiAllaahu 'anhumaa, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say:

Islaam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, establishing the salaah (prayer), paying the zakaah (obligatory charity), making the Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House, and fasting in Ramadaan. [related by al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

Explanation of Hadeeth 3

Aboo al-'Abbaas al-Qurtubee (rahimahu Allaahu) has said that this hadeeth means that these five matters are the foundation and basic principles upon which the religion of al-Islaam is built. With these five matters does Islaam make itself apparent. And the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam particularised these five matters and did not mention Jihaad along with them (even though it is through Jihaad that Islaam is made uppermost and the resistance of the Disbelievers is belittled) because these five matters are obligatory at all times upon all Muslims, whereas Jihaad is a Fard Kifaayah which may not be required during certain times. [Note: a Fard Kifaayah is an obligation that is required of the Muslims such that if a group of them fulfill it then the obligation is lifted from the community as a whole].

And in some of the narrations of this hadeeth (such as the one quoted above), mention of the Hajj is made before mention of the Fasting in Ramadaan. However, and Allaah knows best, the correct form is the placing of the Fasting before the Hajj, as is narrated from Ibn 'Umar that he corrected a narrator who changed the order and said "This is how I have heard it from the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam)". This incident shows us the precision of the Sahaabah and the scholars of Hadeeth after them in preserving the words of the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and how can this not be when Allaah 'azza wa jall has said:

"Verily We have sent down the Dhikr and We shall preserve it"

and the Dhikr or Wahee sent down to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam includes both the Qur'aan and the Sunnah, as Allaah has said:

"Nor does he speak of (his own) desire; It is only an Inspiration that is inspired."

And it is also narrated from Ibn 'Umar radiAllaahu 'anhu that the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

"Islaam is built upon that you worship Allaah (alone) and disbelieve in (the worship of) all that is other than Him, and the establishment of the Prayer, ...(till the end of the hadeeth)"

And in the hadeeth occurs the phrase 'establishment' of the prayer (iqaam as-salaah), as opposed to 'performance' of the prayer. The scholars have mentioned how this indicates that the Prayer must be performed in the most perfect manner, after having completed the wudoo' in the most perfect manner, and in the Masjid with the jamaa'ah for the men, and so on and so forth. That is, simply performing the motions of the Prayer in the most minimal fashion is not what is desired from us - but rather we should exert ourselves in this affair, bearing in mind that the Prayer is the first matter that will be judged on the Day of Resurrection - if it is accepted then the rest of our actions will be accepted, and if it is rejected then the rest of our actions will also be rejected.


That Islaam is indeed built on the five principles of:
1) Witnessing that Allaah is our only deity and Muhammad (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) is His Messenger to show us how to fulfill our existence on this earth as Muslims,
2) Prayer,
3) Zakaah,
4) Fasting and
5) Hajj
So one must strive to fulfill these pillars with the utmost care, concern and priority, and one must do so normally before one gets involved with other aspects of the Deen.

As a fellow Muslim, I ask you :
'What else do you call someone who doesn't pray the compulsory 5 daily prayers as Commanded by Allah SWT and revealed to us by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam?

All you need to know is right at your fingertips O Manas.

I pray that you will do your study well.

Wabillahi taufeek walhidayah.

Wassalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

Zainol Abideen
Kuala Lumpur,

mahaguru58 said...

Assalamualaikum wr wb.

Fasiq (Arabic: فاسق) is an Arabic term referring to someone who violates Islamic law.

However, it is usually reserved to describe someone guilty of openly and flagrantly violating Islamic law and/or someone whose moral character is corrupt.

When a person deemed to be a Muslim does not do all that is Wajib upon him or her such as not performing the 5 daily prayers, doesn't that person qualify to be termed as what the above meanings entail?

Seek knowledge from all the sources and resources before us and do not ask just for the sake of asking when one can just access all these info right here.

May Allah SWT guide us all. Ameen.


Your new blog looks great!