Saturday, May 17, 2008
FIQH ISLAM @ Islamic Jurisprudence - Introduction Part 3
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Prophet Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam received the revelations of the Holy Qur'an Al Kareem piecemeal over a period of 23 long years.
Within that 23 years, Muhammad ibni Abdullah, the Unlettered Prophet of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala received revelations through the medium of Archangel Jibreel Alaihis Salam @ Gabriel (peace be upon him) who would appear to the Prophet in the form of a human and relate to the Blessed Messenger each verse, each commandment of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and repeat them to the Prophet Muhammad to confirm the contents and context of each verse, each 'Firmanullah' till there was no contradictions in what was revealed and what was recited by Rasulullah Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam himself?
Although at times the Holy Qur'an does not detail the commandments to the indefinite manner of its revelation, the Quran is further expounded by the Hadiths of the Holy Prophet SAW either verbally, or with the appropriate actions or by way of allowing such actions to take place without him forbidding or speaking out against it?
For example, when someone does anything before him, he looks at the act and knows as to its reasons or purpose but he chooses to remain quiet without referring to it or explain the rulings about it, it is regarded that such an act is deemed as an act of 'Mubah'.
No rewards of blessings or sins accorded to it. Such an act of keeping quiet by the Blessed Prophet Sallalahu Alaihi Wassolatuwassallam is also regarded as 'Harus' or Mustahab. Encouraged or favored.
When the Prophet Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam passed away, his mission was continued by his Sahabah @ the Blessed Companions to the highest standards and Sunnah @ Example of the Prophet Muhammad Rahmatulil Alamin @ 'Mercy to the entire Universe'.
His Sahabah @ the Blessed Companions were mostly very highly learned and respected scholars of Islam. He entrusted them with the governance of the Islamic nation and taking care of the people's welfare.
The Sahabah's developed and saw to it that the faith was taught to all according to exactly what the Rasulullah Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam had taught them?
They judged according to what the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths ruled and they didn't deviate a jot from what Allah the Almighty commanded and Rasulullah Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam enjoined!
Source of photo.
Naturally, the Sahabah's differed from each others specialization and expertise. Some of them were 'alim mutakhassis' @ specialists in a certain 'Ilm @ Field of Knowledge. Some were 'mutakhassis' @ specialists in 'Ilm al Hukum @ Law, some were 'mutakhassis' in matters of governance, state matters and politics. Some were 'mutakhassis' in economy, trade, etcetera.
Their source of reference and fountain of knowledge were the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths of the Blessed Messenger Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam but at times when situation arose where they could not find the answers to the outstanding matters and after exhausting all known sources or referrals to the Hadiths of the Prophet SAW, they would then resort to 'ijtihad' which is coming to a ruling based upon general referring Quranic verses or Hadiths of the Prophet Sallalahu Alaihi Wassallam.
The final solution to coming to a conclusion regarding ruling over unique cases is 'Qias' which is the end ruling after a council of scholars come to a ruling based upon similar events or cases but still based upon broad rulings or commandments from the Holy Qur'an or Hadiths?
At times , the Sahabah will congregate and discuss about any matters or cases which require further clarifications before coming to a hukum @ ruling.
In coming to such a concrete agreement regarding a certain ruling, the Sahabah's would refer to anyone who is learned and known to be an alim even if the person does not hold office or impressive credentials.
Reason being that it makes no difference as to who is having certain skills, knowledge and expertise even if the person is just a simple citizen?
As reflected here in our present life's, the number of scholars in our society has come to such a stage that if I were to go to any group meeting or seminar, there would be plenty of so called scholars in name only for they would not budge a bit to stop maksiat @ sin that takes place right before their very eyes!
So to me it's quality not quantity that matters regardless whether one is from a kampong school or from Al Azhar University?
Do'ers not talkers make the mark as far as this Muslim is concerned?
Till I continue in the next article about this important field of 'Ilm of Usul al Fiqh al Islami, here's wishing you all the best in your studies of Almighty God's preferred Way of Life that He has revealed for us, the Children of Adam Alaihis Salam.
Wabillahi Taufik Wal Hidayah.
Wassalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.